Fluoride is a naturally occurring compound promoted by dentists to protect teeth from cavities. Many communities add fluoride to their drinking water to promote dental health. Too much fluoride, however, can cause major health issues, especially in young children. Public concern has led the EPA to revaluate the current practice of adding the compound to water supplies.
Exposure to excessive consumption of fluoride over a lifetime may lead to increased likelihood of bone fractures in adults, and may result in effects on bone leading to pain and tenderness. Children aged 8 years and younger exposed to excessive amounts of fluoride have an increased chance of developing pits in the tooth enamel, along with a range of cosmetic effects to teeth otherwise known as Dental Fluorosis. Many cases of fluorosis can be prevented by keeping children from swallowing fluoride products like toothpaste. Supervise children’s brushing to ensure that they use of the appropriate amount of toothpaste.
Lead is one of the more well known contaminants, and has been plaguing water infrastructures since Ancient Rome. The aging water infrastructure leads to lead pipes leaching this contaminant into the water supply, as seen in Flint, Michigan. Lead is a toxic metal that was used for many years in products found in and around homes. Even at low levels, lead may cause a range of health effects including behavioral problems and learning disabilities. Children six years old and under are most at risk because this is when the brain is developing. The primary source of lead exposure for most children is lead-based paint in older homes. Lead in drinking water can add to that exposure.
Where is Lead Used
Lead is sometimes used in household plumbing materials or in water service lines used to bring water from the main to the home. A prohibition on lead in plumbing materials has been in effect since 1986. The lead ban, which was included in the 1986 Amendments of the Safe Drinking Water Act, states that only “lead free” pipe, solder, or flux may be used in the installation or repair of public water systems, or any plumbing in a residential or non-residential facility providing water for human consumption, which is connected to a public water system. But even “lead free” plumbing may contain traces of lead. The term “lead free” means that solders and flux may not contain more than 0.2 percent lead, and that pipes and pipe fittings may not contain more than 8.0 percent lead. Faucets and other end use devices must be tested and certified against the ANSI – NSF Standard 61 to be considered lead free.
Infants and children who drink water containing lead in excess of the action level could experience delays in their physical or mental development. Children could show slight deficits in attention span and learning abilities. Adults who drink this water over many years could develop kidney problems or high blood pressure.
Health and Environmental benefits of filtered tap water VS bottled water
Bottled Water Companies Have done a fantastic job in making the general public think that public supplied tap water is unsafe, and yet studies have shown that bottled water is no more safer than house-hold tap water. Meanwhile bottled water companies have made a fortune with skyrocketing sales while also skyrocketing disposal land fill waste when the water bottles are empty. The FDA regulates bottled drinking water, and the EPA guidelines for municipal tap water are stricter than the FDA regulation for battled water. Chances are when you buy bottled water it is acceptable for drinking water but not acceptable for bathroom tap water. The Natural Defense Counsel report has also concluded that bottled water is no safer than tap water, and bottled water in not subjected to the same reporting standards as tap water.
Bottled water cost average between $1.00 - $2.00 for a 16oz bottle while the cost for 100 gallons of filtered water costs 0.11cents. Storing bottled water for longer periods of time can cause chemicals from the plastic leach into the water such as phthalates which is a substance added to the plastic to increase flexibility and transparency. Investing into a house water filter is far more economical, more effective and more convenient way of producing high quality, great tasting and healthier water.
FIJI Water Leaves FIJI Without Water
According to the United Nations, 783 million people worldwide do not have reliable access to clean water. Water is the most precious resource on earth. Ironically, one of the worst countries for water access is the tiny island of Fiji. A study in 2008 showed nearly one third of the population dose not have a clean, safe source of drinking water. Fiji is also the home of Fiji bottled water on of the most popular bands sold in America. Americans, unlike Fijians do not have a shortage of clean water to drink. Meanwhile Fiji water shipped in excess of 30 million gallons of fresh water from the thirsting island nation to outlets in wealthier nations distributed in bottles that fosters additional devastation to our environment. Fiji bottle water headquarters in Los Angeles, California, founded by a Canadian business man so profits from Fiji water is not major financial benefit to the Fiji island nation as it should be.
There isn't a one type fits all water filter, and not every filter will eliminate all contaminates. you will save money and insure that you are targeting the contaminates of concern in your water by doing a little research for the most effective water filter for your families health.